Teen Cell Phone Addiction Treatment
Teen cell phone addiction is a behavioral issue that can also mimic the symptoms of addiction. It is characterized by obsessive or compulsive use of a smartphone, tablet, and/or other electronic devices to text, watch YouTube videos, spend time on social media platforms, play video games, or just generally distract oneself from everyday responsibilities.
It can be admittedly difficult to identify the difference between normal teen smartphone or tablet use and true teen cell phone addiction. But teens who are addicted to cell phones often experience a significant amount of distress and harm as a result of their addiction. Phone engagement becomes so high that a teen’s well-being and ability to keep up with everyday responsibilities begins to suffer. They may fight and argue with parents, refuse to engage in chores or do homework, or even stop sleeping because they feel compelled to be on their electronic devices at all hours of the day and night.
What Does Teen Cell Phone Addiction Look Like?
- Teens who are addicted to their cell or smart phones are online all the time, even when such behavior is inappropriate (in class or at the dinner table).
- Teen cell phone addiction often spurs on maladaptive ignorance of self-care. Teens will frequently stay up on their phones late into the night despite needing sleep.
- Smartphones are used as a tool to avoid everyday responsibilities, including chores, schoolwork, or homework.
- Teens often react to distress and/or negative emotions by turning further into their cell phone addiction. The device becomes a maladaptive coping mechanism.
- Teen cell phone addiction causes youths to become almost incapable of expressing normal executive function in a rational, sensible way. If their phones are taken away, they may react with deep despair, anger, or even violence.
Signs of Cell Phone Addiction
Anxiety and/or irritability
Despondent without smartphone
Unable to cope with social pressure
Poor attention span or distraction
Slipping academic performance
What Causes Cell Phone Addiction?
Stress – Teens who are addicted to their cell phones frequently experience stress or relationship breakdowns, but this isn’t necessarily a product of the addiction. Instead, it’s far more common for teens to become addicted to electronics as a result of pre-existing conditions encouraging them to hide behind the screen or engage in unhealthy use of their phone. Devices provide distraction, reward, and escape, all of which can feel heavily preferential to the hard work of navigating stress.
Addictiveness – Smartphones and electronic devices reward teens for their use with flashy images, fun games, engaging stories, and more. These experiences trigger the same reward centers in the brain as most drugs, just as a much lower level. Teens can, in fact, become addicted to that rush and the pleasurable experiences they create. While they may become bored with other outlets for stress or boredom, the sheer volume of mobile games, social networks, and apps incentivize teens to constantly consume more information. Because teens lack a sense of overall balance, they can quickly become addicted to online media.
Mental Health – Teen cell phone addiction is often a maladaptive coping mechanism for negative experiences. In some cases, this can include undiagnosed mental health disorders like depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder. Phones provide an escape from emotional pain and torment, giving them a quick hit of pleasure they may struggle to access elsewhere. It’s also a really effective way to avoid real-life pressures and challenges. Further stress (including having their phone taken away) can drive them further into this escapism.
the number of times per day vacationing teens check their phones
of teens express concern with their own phone and social media use
of teens between 13 and 18 believe their smartphone use is a “major problem,” spending up to nine hours per day online
How Can I Help My Teen with Cell Phone Addiction?
Help them prioritize – The teen brain isn’t yet efficient at scheduling and determining priorities, and this can lead them to over-rely on their phones. You can help by teaching your teen that phone use is fine as long as other responsibilities, like school, chores, or work, are handled in a timely manner without avoidance. Teens should be encouraged to focus and pay attention to their tasks without making a half-hearted effort as they check their social media accounts or watch videos. Set expectations for your teen to help them create a schedule that provides time for responsibility and relaxation; monitor them to ensure they follow through.
Identify effective coping mechanisms – It’s completely normal for teens (and adults, if we’re being honest) to want to avoid negative emotions and stress. Being unable to see a solution or a way forward compounds these feelings, driving teens to look for ways to escape, but not every coping mechanism is healthy. Quick, short-term solutions like getting lost in a mobile game may work temporarily, but they don’t fix the problem, leaving teens to find themselves back at square one over and over again. Help your teen identify better ways to cope with stress, such as exercise, meditation, yoga, or even therapy.
Encourage them to meet friends or just be outside – Constant influence from electronic devices can cause teens to start to withdraw from everyday life and in-person social experiences. The tendency to become a digital recluse can significantly hamper success later on when they are forced to venture out into the world to survive and thrive. Encourage your teen to meet new friends and just be outside more often, where they can experience natural social interaction and learn how to develop new friendships or relationships. There’s no substitute for real-life experiences!
How Teen Cell Phone Addiction Is Treated
Cell phone addiction isn’t the same as drug addiction, but it is important to remember that many of the apps and experiences had on them are specifically designed to be compelling and engaging. Technology is rapidly changing our world; the way teens grow up today is far different than the way most parents grew up in the past. Teens now lose hours and most of their productivity due to influences from smartphones and other electronic devices, making their phones their number one priority.
Until science catches up to this negative phenomenon, parents need to be good stewards by helping teens get the help they need for teen cell phone addiction when use goes too far. The good news is that addictions can be treated using a combination of evidence-based strategies.
Distance and Abstinence
It sounds so simple, but it’s true: distance and abstinence may be the exact thing your teen needs to break free from cell phone addiction. Far too often, teens begin using smartphones and electronics from such a young age that they really can’t even remember what it was like to exist without them in the first place. They are endlessly baragged with advertising, marketing, and manipulative tactics to keep the user “tuned in.” A simple separation may be enough to help them reprioritize, recalibrate their lives, and develop a healthy working relationship with a smartphone or electronic device.
However, it’s important to note that you can’t just take an addicted teen’s phone away and expect the problem to disappear. In some cases, doing so may actually exacerbate the problem or cause mental health collapse. Inpatient and outpatient treatment programs help teens separate from social media and online culture with support.
Talk therapy, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) are immensely helpful in treating teen cell phone addiction. In fact, they are often the first-line treatment when a problem occurs. Therapists guide teens through conversations that help them identify their actions, encouraging the teen to reflect on how their behavior impacts their own lives and the lives of people around them. It also helps them to see the reality of cell phone addiction and why using a smartphone to cope is negative and maladaptive. Therapy can also help teens find new ways to cope, especially in the face of mental health problems, to break the shackles of smartphone addiction for good.
There is no medication for cell phone addiction, but teens who become addicted due to mental health conditions like anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or depression, may need to take medication. It is important to note that medication is neither a “quick fix” or an easy panache. Whether it is prescribed temporarily or long-term, the goal of any medication-based treatment plan is to treat the mental health condition and help the teen become well. Teens will still need to commit to working on their issues, including cell phone addiction, with the right support.
Teen Cell Phone Addiction Treatment at Paradigm San Francisco
When youths come to Paradigm for teen cell phone addiction treatment, we start by getting to know them. Initially, we place intentional limits on how and when teens use their cell phones to break the addiction and tie to the device. Many teens are resistant at first; over time, most realize a feeling of freedom and significant reduction in stress. There is no longer a need to constantly be available and ready to respond 24 hours per day.
Changing the Habit
In teen cell phone addiction treatment, our experts focus on helping teens many tiny yet impactful changes to how they use and engage with smartphone devices. We empower the addicted teen to reform healthier habits while acknowledging the role smartphones play in our lives. It is virtually impossible to expect teens to never use an electronic device, but we can help them gain insight into how the way they use them might be harming them and holding them back.
A big part of this process lies in helping teens find other fun activities to replace the time spent online. At Paradigm San Francisco specifically, teens have regular access to a long list of amenities both onsite and in the local neighborhood. We schedule regular social time, fun and games, adventures, and experiences that encourage self-exploration and good, clean fun!
Working with Therapists
Finding what drives teens to become addicted to cell phone use in the first place is paramount, and therapy is the best way for this to happen. Contributing factors can be remarkably simple (such as just being deeply engaged by a game or social media platforms) or extremely complex (including when teens have deep, long-standing anxiety due to trauma). Even social anxiety can lead teens to hide behind their phones; they are able to relate to others and socialize at a measured, controlled way with less risk for negative experiences.
Working with therapists also ensures teens get the most complete care – including diagnoses and treatment for concomitant mental health disorders. No matter how deep or shallow the teen’s cell phone addiction really is, Paradigm strives to be extremely thorough and careful when we evaluate teens for other issues. We see cell phone addiction as a facet of your teen’s bigger picture, not as just the main defining attribute.
Our 16-year has been struggling with anxiety and severe depression and seemed stuck. We felt we had nowhere else to go. After 40 days, I feel like we've gotten our daughter back! It’s been an amazing experience. She now has tools, perspective, improved self love and a resilience we haven't seen in two years.
– Rebecca J.
Frequently Asked Questions About Teen Cell Phone Addiction Treatment
Is using a cell phone too much actually a problem?
The answer to this question depends on a lot of different factors. It’s impossible to ignore the fact that cell phones are integral part of our world and culture. But this is also true for food, sleep, sex, and just about every other normal human behavior; all can become addictive in the right circumstances. A problem is a problem, and too much smartphone use needs treatment so teens can learn how to engage with society when they don’t have access.
It’s important to remember that most teen cell phone addicts don’t become addicted in a vacuum. Their dedication to being online and on their devices is almost always indicative of much larger ongoing life issues they’re struggling to avoid. They may also feel socially inadequate or even ostracized from in-person socialization and learning normal human social behavior. These are all factors that can be alleviated with treatment.
How much cell phone use is too much?
There’s no easy answer to this question; truthfully, it depends on the user and the situation. It’s normal for teens to check their phones many times a day when they’re relaxing on a weekend or holiday. It isn’t normal when they become so obsessed with checking in that they start to ignore other responsibilities.
The average teen checks their smartphone anywhere from 80 to 300 times per day; that’s as often as once every few minutes. Instead of setting specific time limits or limiting how often they use their device, ask yourself if your teen is displaying normal, well-adjusted healthy teen behavior in other areas.
Generally, your teen’s overall behavior will provide clues into whether they’re suffering from addiction. If the use isn’t affecting the rest of their lives, and they’re handling responsibilities just fine, you might not have anything to worry about. On the other hand, if your teen seems to hide behind their phone, it could be a sign that something more is at play, such as cyberbullying, stress, anxiety, or mental health issues.